What is Fracture and Dislocation?
What is Fracture?
Fracture: disruption of bone integrity by high pressure or impact. Fracture of the bone is usually caused by a severe blow, but with age, a fracture may occur spontaneously for some reason.
What is Closed Fracture?
A closed fracture is a fracture in which the integrity of the bone is disrupted due to various reasons, but the integrity of the skin in the fractured bone is not impaired.
What is Open Fracture?
An open fracture is a fracture in which the skin is damaged in the area where the bone fracture occurs, and even the fractured bone breaks down the skin.
What should be first aid in fractures?
• If the arm is affected, items such as rings and watches are removed.
• Fingers are exposed so that they are visible while fixing and winding.
• In open fractures, the wound should be covered with a clean cloth before fixation.
• In the broken area, the pulse, color, and temperature of the skin are checked frequently.
• Seek medical attention (112).
Bone fracture is one of the health problems caused by sudden falls, bumps, and blows. While bone fracture can cause fractures in various regions, it can also progress to disintegration in some regions, and in some regions, fractures may not be apparent at all. In the part where the bone fracture occurs, pain and swelling occur first. Fracture manifests itself with swelling and bruises. As for the things that can be done at the time of bone fracture, the first one is to connect the bone ends correctly with each other. When the spots with a bone fracture are inspected, various taps may be felt. At some times, broken bones can penetrate some muscles, skin, and flesh and go out.
What is dislocation?
Dislocation: permanent separation of joint surfaces. Dislocation can be caused by pressure from an external force or a congenital disorder in the bones forming the joint. Besides, inflammation in the joints and events such as ur can cause dislocation.
• Bloating or discoloration of the area concerned.
• Intense pain.
• Loss of function.
How does dislocation occur?
• Sports injuries: Falling and crashing in sports such as football, ice hockey, skiing, basketball, which include contact between players, are important causes of dislocation.
• Non-sport related traumas: It is also common for the joints to get hard blows as a result of motor vehicles crashing.
• Drops: As a result of falling, the joints may move and the bones may dislodge.
• Fitting: During this procedure, your doctor will try to reattach the bones with gentle maneuvers. Depending on the amount of pain and swelling, anesthesia may be required before the bones are seated.
• Fixation: After the bones are correctly seated, the joint should remain immobilized with a splint, sling or plaster for several weeks.
• Drug Support: Pain may occur after the bones are in place. If the pain persists, you can use a painkiller or muscle relaxant.